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genital infections Genital infections (or STIs) – are diseases that are mainly transmitted through sexual contact. They isolated a group of sexually transmitted diseases (such as syphilis or gonorrhea). Other genital infections can be transmitted in other ways: direct contact, parenteral, vertical.
As classified sexual infections:
These infections, scientists are divided into several groups:
- bacterial infection;
- viral infection;
- protozoan infections;
- fungal infections;
- parasitic diseases.
But diseases such as nonspecific urethritis, Candida bacterial vaginosis and coleitis (differently – dysbiosis, ie the lack or absence of beneficial flora) are not sexually transmitted infections, as caused by flora – saprophytic and opportunistic. However, they are often seen in conjunction with the STDs (one does not happen without the other).
Genital infections: how to protect yourself?
A distinctive feature of sexual infections – this is their resistance to environmental factors. Consequently, for the infection requires direct contact with a carrier of a disease. However, some sexual infections are another way of transmission. For example, the agent can get scabies in humans at close household contact with a carrier.
Sexual safe behavior includes:
- the proper use of condoms for women and for men;
- efficient and proper use of germicidal medicines;
- Periodic screening for infections such as syphilis, HIV and hepatitis B (sexually active individuals
- need to take it every year, even in the absence of any symptoms);
- specialized treatment when it detects the particular disease;
- sexual abstinence;
- notification of sexual partners about the presence of a particular infection (deliberate infection leads to criminal liability);
- prevention through vaccines.
Why is it important time to treat genital infections?
These infection (as well as any other disease) in the absence of proper treatment can give complications. Below we present only some of the complications that can give sexual infections:
- Gonorrhea – infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Hepatitis – the transition of the disease in the acute form of liver cirrhosis or oncology.
- Viral infections – oncology of the penis or of the uterus.
- Inguinal granuloma – painful sores in the perinatal and groin.
- Chlamydia infection – pharyngitis, Reiter’s syndrome, proctitis.
- Scabies – a sharp, extremely unpleasant itching at night, microbial eczema.
- Syphilis causes complications of pregnancy (abortion or stillbirth), rashes, lesions of the circulatory, cardiac, skeletal and nervous systems.
To cure sexual infections bring the most effective results, you need to detect the disease in time. To do this periodically take appropriate tests for genital infections, especially when a person is at risk (if, for example, has multiple sexual partners).
At the time started and the correct treatment – is the key to a full recovery of the patient and his return to normal life. After diagnosis, the doctor must choose the scheme that would fit to the individual characteristics of the patient.
Antibiotics are usually used, antiparasitic or antiviral drugs. Warts can be removed pointed radiowave or cryotechniques. commonly used topical therapy for the treatment of genital herpes (ie, without taking into antibiotics and other drugs).