Osteoporosis – bone disease, the essence of which is to change the structure and strength of bone tissue. Translated from the Latin word for word osteoporosis designates bone loss. Without proper treatment, the disease can lead to serious complications and disability.
Osteoporosis is common throughout the world is approximately the same. No countries where there were no patients with a diagnosis. Most often, the disease affects women after 45 years. On average, one in four suffers from this disease after menopause. Men get sick 4-5 times less. It also occurs in children, but much less frequently.
The causes of osteoporosis :
- Infertility due to hormonal changes;
- Early menopause;
- Regular menstrual irregularities;
- Parkinson’s disease;
- thyroid disease;
- Long-term use of glucocorticoids;
- Long-term use of diuretics;
- Surgical intervention for removal of the ovaries;
- Surgical intervention for the removal of the stomach;
- Epilepsy and receiving anticonvulsants;
- Frequent reception of heparin or other blood thinners;
- Unbalanced diet throughout life (lack of calcium and other minerals) – inadequate intake of milk and its products, excessive consumption of meat.
- Also increase the risk of osteoporosis:
- Cases of osteoporosis in the family;
- Sedentary, sedentary lifestyle;
- Short stature;
- A small body weight (body mass index less than 18);
- Smoking and alcoholism;
- Excessive use of coffee (2 cups a day to day for several years).
Under the influence of one or more factors is a change in the structure of the bone tissue. Normally, within each bone there are many bridges that make the bone-like cells with tunnels. With the development of osteoporosis, these jumpers thinner and most of them eventually destroyed. This leads to bone fragility of the least load (weight lifting, injury, a slight fall).
In women, these changes are often caused by changes in hormonal levels with the onset of menopause. Coming from outside the calcium without the presence of estrogen is not absorbed in the required quantity and leaches from the bones, leading to the development of the disease. The same mechanism works in the removal of the ovaries.