Dossier on the disease: cervical cancer
It threatens to sexual initiation to 16 years, who had replaced more than 5 sexual partners and those who despise proper nutrition
The incidence of cervical cancer up to 30 over the past 10 years has grown several times. Linked an indicator of early onset of sexual activity (16 years) and with frequent change of sexual partners. Why is that? Up to 16 years of local immunity in the body of the girl has not yet been formed, and it can not fully to repel infections and, in particular, human papilloma virus (HPV). This insidious HPV (namely its 16 th and 18 th class) triggers cervical cancer and sexually transmitted. Another is a proven risk factor for cervical cancer – excessive faithfulness (more than 5 partners in life), because the irresponsible sex increases the chance to meet with HPV. In addition, you can not delete from the list of provocateurs heredity and smoking. After all, even though it is proved that any form of cancer affects the genetics, but to a greater extent the risk of such a diagnosis depends on the lifestyle and immunity.
“In the middle of the twentieth century it was invented Pap test – cytological analysis, able to identify the medium and heavy precancerous cervical condition – explains MD, PhD, senior researcher at the department of medical and psychosocial problems GU Family Health” IPAH NAMS of Ukraine “
- gynecologist-endocrinologist Natalia Silin -. Because cervical cancer younger, and the Pap test is recommended for the first time do not in 50 years, and 2-3 years after onset of sexual activity cancer will not have time for this time to develop, even if the HPV has already attacked. the body. that is the first time to do screening every woman should average 20-21 years. with a negative result, the next Pap test should be done in 2 years and comply with a sequence of up to 30 years, while retaining all the results of a survey that was the chronology of the stroke. After 30 years, in addition to the Pap test, also must pass test for HPV types 16 and 18 (because 30 years, this type of virus excreted from the body itself).
To detect cervical cancer is possible only by renting a smear every 1-2 years.
After 40 years of care to your body should be doubled and be screened (with tests for HPV 16/18) each year to 65 years. At the same time, be aware that you can take the cytology in the clinic free of charge for a residence permit, and HPV analysis – only in private clinics and laboratories (price from 200 UAH). This tight schedule is needed due to the fact that in no other way cervical cancer at stages treatable, can not be detected; pain and bleeding signal about the form of cancer with which to cope anymore. ”
End of Suffering
“To be afraid of the diagnosis in the early stages is not necessary, – says Silin -. After all, today the majority of women intracellular cancer (Stage 1 cervical cancer) can be treated without removing the uterus and even preserving reproductive function Objective -. Remove the focus (the cancer cells) thereby prevent a recurrence. In the 2nd stage the uterus is removed, prescribed a course of chemotherapy, but on the third stage, a further and radiation therapy locally. also, starting treatment, it is important to quit smoking, because this habit negatively affects treatment outcome . Rehabilitation after the active phase of treatment – hormonal correction and normalization of work and rest, the transition to proper nutrition. ”
Nutrition – one of the most important in the treatment and prevention of cancer of the cervix problems. cruciferous products (these include cabbage – cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, Chinese, kohlrabi, watercress, winter cress, horseradish, radishes, turnips, rutabaga, mustard seed) should be in a woman’s menu every day. The fact that they contain the so-called indoles – substances that counteract the development of cancer.