Complications in osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis without appropriate treatment leads to the development of complications. The most frequent are:
Herniated Disc – a protrusion of cartilage, accompanied by rupture of the fibrous ring and exit the nucleus pulposus.
Disc protrusion – cartilage protrusion retaining the fibrous ring:
- Increased irritability
- inferior oblique muscle of head syndrome (headaches, dizziness, syncope, tinnitus, “flies” in front of the eyes)
- vertebral artery syndrome (weakness, fainting, memory loss, blurred vision and hearing)
- More than 50% of patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis acquire a disability. This is due to the lack of timely treatment and the development of certain complications.
The following methods are used for the diagnosis of degenerative disc disease:
Patient Survey – reveals visible deformation of the spine in different postures;
Palpation – reveals painful point for deformation, not visible to the eye, the presence of voltage in the muscles of the back;
X-rays – reveals the state of the vertebrae, cartilage thickness, the presence of bony growths, the position of the vertebrae;
Computed tomography (CT) – complements the X-ray data;