Chronic toxoplasmosis, what is it?

Chronic toxoplasmosis, what is it?

Toxoplasmosis is a disease that causes protozoan Toxoplasma gondii parasites. They affect animals and humans, but the ultimate master is always cats. Given this nuance, a pregnant woman should stay away from cats as much as they carry a serious danger. You can get infected through poorly washed hands, as well as vegetables and fruits. Particular attention should be paid to heat treatment of meat and fish.

As a rule, toxoplasmosis occurs without pronounced symptoms in pregnant and ordinary people. However, sometimes the ailment can actively manifest itself, which provokes a significant deterioration in the general condition of the patient. This is due to the amount of parasites in the body, as well as the immune system. Usually, infection provokes such clinical manifestations:

  • Catarrhal symptom (muscle pain, temperature, weakness, headache, enlarged lymph nodes);
  • With a severely weakened immune system (for example, with AIDS), the full functioning of internal organs and systems ceases;
  • In especially severe cases, inflammatory processes develop in the brain.

If a woman is infected with these parasites during pregnancy, they penetrate the placenta and affect the fetus. At the first symptoms it is necessary to consult a doctor and begin timely treatment. Correct therapy will protect the baby from serious consequences associated with mental and physical development.

Important! As a rule, chronic toxoplasmosis develops during pregnancy. For this disease are characterized by such signs as nervousness, myocarditis, dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract, memory deteriorates and the nervous system is broken.

Toxoplasmosis – consequences for the child and mother

If prior to pregnancy, a woman has suffered a disease, then re-infection does not pose a threat to her and her future child. Her body developed antibodies, in other words, appeared immunity, which will not allow the infection to re-hit the body. In this case, toxoplasmosis does not carry any danger!

Toxoplasmosis consequences for the child and mother

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In the form of an effective cure for parasites, doctors are advised to take the drug “Intoxic”. At the heart of the funds are the acting elements of exclusively natural origin, they were grown only in places with 100% pure ecology, and have a proven effect that allows them to quickly cope with any kinds of worms.

However, if a woman’s organism has not been infected, the future child is subject to serious mental and physical disabilities. Parasites penetrate the placenta and affect the fetus, which has not yet developed immunity.

Regardless of the period of pregnancy, the disease has serious consequences for the child, so it is important to start treatment in time. The most dangerous infection in the early stages of pregnancy, however, and the child is not protected during the 3rd trimester. The severity of the pathology directly depends on the period of bearing the baby:

  • Up to week 8, the risk of infection of the embryo is 17%. It threatens with serious complications in mental and physical development, as well as in fetal death of the fetus;
  • From 8 to 18 weeks the possibility of infection increases to 25%. This disorder leads to serious pathological abnormalities in the brain, liver and eyeball;
  • From 18 to 20 weeks the risk of the disease is rapidly increasing to 65%. Parasites spread to the formed organs and systems of the baby, which leads to their pathological changes;
  • From 20 to 40 weeks the possibility of infection increases to 85%. The disease will definitely appear in the child born, and will proceed in a chronic form, with remissions and acute manifestations. In other words, the baby will have congenital toxoplasmosis. Over time, the child will begin to acquire serious complications caused by toxoplasmosis (epilepsy, deafness, mental retardation and mental development).

Important! Before planning a pregnancy, you need to take a blood test for toxoplasmosis. This procedure will save the child from serious complications.

Diagnosis of toxoplasmosis in pregnancy

To date, there are several methods in medicine that will help to pinpoint the presence of Toxoplasma gondii parasites. A laboratory test is performed on the basis of a blood test. For each pregnancy period, a specific study is recommended:

Diagnosis of toxoplasmosis in pregnancy
The indirect immunofluorescence (RNIF) reaction is the most sensitive test, so it will show failure within the first week after conception. The maximum index of the lesion is achieved after 2 months, after penetration into the body. It persists throughout the chronic period of the disease;

The complement fixation test (RSK) shows infection at week 2 of pregnancy and reaches a maximum mark, starting from 2-4 months.